What should we know about tiles?


  • Floor Tiles are available in a variety of different sizes, the most common and popular of which nowadays are 300 x 300, 350 X 350, 410 x 410, 600 x 600 and 600 x 300.
  • The tiles have various strengths. A floor tile’s strength is indicated in PEI. It starts at PEI 2 which is only usable for Bathroom Floors and ends with PEI 5 when the tile has an almost industrial character and is very hard.
  • Full Bodies Porcelain Tiles are virtually the hardest and most durable tiles available. Unlike ceramic tiles with a ceramic tile ‘body’ and a glazing on the surface top, porcelain tiles are made of the same material right through. They are especially well suited for high traffic areas like shopping malls, showrooms, exhibition halls, and so on.
  • Porcelain tiles are also available in different surface finishes, ranging from matt to highly polished.
  • Indoor & outdoor In general, all hard and strong ceramic tiles can also be use outdoors provided they are installed an laid in the correct manner, with the proper adhesives and corresponding additives to ensure a long lasting bond with the floor beneath.
General Information on Floor Tiles:
  • different materials require different adhesives The tiles to be laid, determine the adhesive that has to be used with it. Ceramic Tiles require different adhesives and additives that porcelain tiles. Also the existing floor on which the tiles are to be laid plays an important role in determining which adhesive has to be used.
  • Shades may differ in batches Because tiles are natural products, using natural materials (although manufactured by machines) different tile batches from the same tile may differ in shading and coloring. Usually these differences are not very big, but nevertheless visible to the naked eye. Unfortunately these shade differences cannot be avoided.
  • Tools for cutting – There are a variety of tools available and necessary to cut tiles down to size or drill holes into them. These range from simple tile cutters that can even be used by the laymen to highly sophisticated electric water cutting machines that are used for large porcelain tiles that have to be operated by the expert tiller.


  • Available in different sizes The most commonly used wall tile sizes range from 200 x 200, 200 x 400 and 400 x 600. There are however many more available.
  • Tiles are glazed or unglazed Whereas glazed (shiny) wall tiles are the general preference because the reflect the light in a bathroom better, wall tiles that are unglazed (matt) are becoming more and more popular, because especially watermarks are less visible on a matt than a shiny surface.
  • General Information on Wall Tiles:

    How to treat the existing surface

  • Mosaic Tiles - different materials ? Nowadays mosaic tiles are available in a multitude of materials like glass, ceramic, porcelain, natural stone and travertine. It is important to know which type of mosaic tiles has to be treated with which supplement to get them to become, non porous, non water absorbent and stain resistant.
  • Natural Stone - different materials available i.e. Slate, Sandstone, Granite, Quarzite, Travertine
  • Suitability for what ? Natural Stones are often used for exterior areas, patios, lapas swimming pool surroundings and braai areas. They are also used as fascias and wall claddings to achieve a more appealing or rustic look on your exterior walls. Most natural tiles have to be sealed, whereby the different material require different sealers, depending on their absorption and porosity.
  • General Information on Natural Stone:
  • sealing (different materials need different treatments) explained a bit above.

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